Hair Transplant

Are You Looking for Best Hair Transplant in Chandigarh?

 

What is Hair Loss?

There are several different ways in which a person can suffer from the problem of hair loss. These include alopecia areata (hair loss that occurs in patches), general baldness, androgenic baldness, pattern baldness, etc. This problem might be there due to several medical conditions. Genetics and the use of hot iron might also lead to this problem.

Hair Loss reasons: 

In general, most of the people lose up to 100 hairs per day. This does not lead to scalp thinning that comes to notice since the growth of new hair also takes place simultaneously. When there is a disturbance in this cycle of hair shedding and growth then the problem of hair loss takes place. The problem can also be in the case when scar tissue replaces the destroyed hair follicle.

As per the top hair transplant doctor in Chandigarh, one or more factors that can result in the problem of hair loss include the following:

· Heredity (family history): Heredity condition stands as the most common reason behind the problem of hair loss. It is termed as female pattern baldness or male pattern baldness and it gradually takes place in conventional patterns with aging. Such patterns might include bald spots, receding hairline, and hair thinning in women.

 Medical conditions and hormonal changes: Many people who face hair loss in Chandigarh want to know if medical conditions are responsible for hair loss. For them, the answer is yes! There might be temporary or permanent hair loss due to several conditions. 

These include hormonal changes that occur at the time of pregnancy, menopause, childbirth and the problem of the thyroid. Alopecia areata is the medical condition that leads to hair loss in patches, infections in the scalp like ringworm and trichotillomania that the disorder of hair-pulling.

· Supplements and medications: Some drugs can also result in the problem of hair loss like those that are used for the treatment of arthritis, cancer, heart problems, depression, high blood pressure, and gout.

· Stressful event: General hair thinning is the problem that most of the people experience for several months after going through emotional or physical shock. This is a temporary type of hair loss.

· Head radiation therapy: In this case, the growth of hair might not be the same as in the case before therapy.

· Some hair treatments and styles: Too many hairstyles in which the hair is tightly pulled like cornrows or pigtails can lead to traction alopecia, a form of hair loss. The hair follicles might suffer from inflammation due to permanents or hot oil hair treatments resulting in hair loss. One might also suffer from permanent hair loss in case scarring takes place.

 

What is Hair Transplant?

It is a form of surgery in which the existing hair is moved for filling the area with no hair or thin hair. These transplants are in practice since the 1950s but several changes have come in the techniques in recent times.

 In the first step, the scalp is cleaned by the surgeon and medicine is injected so that the back section of the head is numbed. Any of the two methods from FUE or FUSS is selected by the doctor for carrying out the transplant. Based on the transplant size that you are having, it might take almost 4-8 hours for completing the process. In case hair loss persists then the need for another process might develop.

For enhancing the thickness or amount of hair, the most efficient method available is hair transplant. However, in terms of recovery as well as treatment, they can prove to be expensive. 

When to consider a hair transplant or when to search for the best hair transplant in Chandigarh?

 In most cases, the self-confidence and appearance of the person going through a hair transplant might enhance. Following people fall under the category of appropriate candidates for the process of hair transplant:

· Women suffering from thinning hair problem

· Men having male pattern baldness

· Anyone who have suffered hair loss due to scalp injury or burn

As per the advice of professional hair loss doctor in Chandigarh, the following people should not consider hair transplant since this option is not good for them:

· Women having widespread hair loss pattern athwart the scalp

· People with insufficient sites of donor hair from where hair could be removed for transplant

· People suffering from hair loss as the result of medication

· People having keloid scars developed after surgery or injury

In several cases, hair loss brings several misunderstandings in people. This might also be the effect of maturing but people take it as a serious hair loss problem. It is important to understand how maturing hairline is different from receding hairline. Between the age of 18-29, people think that they are suffering from the problem of receding hairline when it is just maturing hair in real.

 There is nothing that one must be worried about in maturing hairline since it is part of the natural phenomenon of being older and does not make the person a good candidate for hair transplant.

Hair Transplant types as suggested by a good hair loss doctor in Chandigarh:

FUE and FUSS stand as the two most common forms of hair transplants. Following are the details of these two procedures:

FUSS (Follicular unit strip surgery):

In this process, a skin strip is removed from the area that is non-bald. Such donor sites normally sit at the back part of the head. This cut is then hidden or closed with the help of surrounding hair. Tiny sections known as grafts are made by dividing this scalp strip and just a few hairs or even just one hair is contained in each of these sections. Each of these is then relocated to the treated balding areas that are also termed as recipient sites.

Hair transplant cost might depend on several relocated grafts. In the case when only a few grafts are needed by a person, this process can be beneficial since it serves to be affordable.

FUSS treatment has one of its major disadvantages as causing scars around the donor site. In some cases, swelling and pain might also be there in some people.

FUE (Follicular unit extraction)

Shaving the back portion of the head is involved in this surgery and then removal of individual hair follicles takes place instead of a whole scalp strip. The healing of donor sites is also better with just a few noticeable dots and even these are covered by the surrounding hair.

Grafts are prepared by the surgeon and these are then placed on recipient areas. About 4-8 hours are needed for this whole process based on the size of the transplant.

In general, FUSS is more invasive than FUE and fewer chances of complications are there. Also, it is possible to remove the hair follicles from several areas instead of a single site, therefore, rendering no effect on donor site thickness.

Hair Transplant Process for those suffering from the problem of hair loss in Chandigarh:

Hair transplantation is the process in which minute punch grafts are removed from the scalp bearing hair or this scalp’s larger piece from the donor area and then these are divided into smaller pieces that are useful as grafts. 

The relocation of these grafts then takes place to the part of the scalp that is thinning or bald. The shape and size of grafts made in this way are different. In general, about 10-15 hairs are there in the punch grafts that are round in shape. About 2-4 hairs are contained in the mini graft that is much smaller and 1-2 hairs are there in the micrograft. About 4-10 hairs are there in the slit grafts that are inserted in slits developed in the scalp. The thin and long strip grafts have 30-40 hairs.

Several sessions are generally needed for getting satisfactory fullness and several months might take in the healing process between these sessions. Final results might be there after 2 years with full series of transplants. 

The partial dependence of the coverage amount that a person needs is on the texture and color of hair. Gray, coarse or light-colored hair brings better coverage compared to dark-colored, fine hair.

The donor area is trimmed short just before the surgery for easy removal and access to grafts. A tube-like special instrument might be used in the case of punch grafts. Sharp carbon steel is used for making this instrument that punches round graft from donor site so that the area to be enclosed could be replaced with it- in general, the frontal hairline. A scalpel is used for grafts of other types for removing small sections of the scalp that bear hair. This is further divided into smaller sections and transplanted within the scalp in slits or tiny holes. While taking grafts, the saline solution might be injected in a small amount in the scalp by a doctor for maintaining the proper strength of the skin. If you wish to get the best results, you may count on experienced Dr. Harmandeep Sidhu, the best hair transplant surgeon in Chandigarh.

After completion of the grafting session, cleansing and covering of the scalp are done with gauze and the person might need to wear a pressure bandage for 2 days.

Expansion of tissue:

This is another technique used in baldness treatment. The common use of this process is in the reconstructive surgery for repairing injuries and burn wounds with significant loss of skin. In this process, a device known as tissue expander that is like a balloon is inserted beneath the scalp that bears hairs and lies next to the bald area. Gradual inflation of the device then takes place over a week with saltwater. This leads to the expansion of skin and new skin cell’s growth.

When enough stretch of skin under hair is there, almost after 2 months of the first operation, it is the time of performing another process for bringing expanded skin to cover the adjacent bald area.

Flap surgery:

This surgery is in practice successfully for over 20 years and can cover large baldness areas quickly. It is customized as per the needs of a different patient. The dependence of flap size and its placement is largely on the needs and goals of the patient. The work of more than 350 punch grafts could be done by one flap.

The bald scalp section is cut out and a hair-bearing skin flap is lifting from the surface while at one of the ends, it remains attached. After bringing in the flap bearing hair to the new position, it is sewn there while it remains tethered to the original supply of blood. Camouflaging of the scar will be noticed when you heal. This is due to the relocated hair that grows to the incision edge.

 Significant advancements have been made in recent years in the flap technologies, blending scalp reduction and flap surgery for better crown coverage. Or to offer better coverage in the front with the expansion of tissue adding a more natural hairline.

Scalp reduction:

Flap surgery is the other name that is sometimes used for referring to this technique. This is because sections of the scalp that bear hair are advanced or pulled forward for filling the bald crown.

For covering the bald areas at the back and top of the head, the technique of scalp reduction is used. For covering the line at the front, this method is not much beneficial. When a local anesthetic is injected in the scalp, removal of the bald scalp section is removed. 

There is wide variation in the pattern of removed scalp segments based on the goals of the patient. When there is a need for large coverage, a scalp section is removed by doctors in the shape of inverted-Y. The other shapes of excisions include pointed oval, U or other such figures.

The surrounding skin of the cut area is pulled and loosened for bringing the hair-bearing scalp sections together and stitches are for closing these.

Complete Process Steps:

Some noticeable hair loss should be there in the candidates of hair transplant with the sides and back having healthy growth of hair so that they can serve as the donor sites.

1st step: Round grafts are punched by an instrument of tube shape from the donor site to be used in the site where hair replacement will be done.

2nd step: When sufficient stretch is there in the skin below the hair, it is placed over the bald area surgically.

3rd step: A bald scalp section is removed at the time of flap surgery and at its place, a flap of skin that bears hair is sewn.

4th step: There is wide variation in scalp reduction patterns but they are all able to meet the demand of bringing scalp and hair together for covering the bald areas.

After: Hair transplant surgery give results that can improve the self-confidence and appearance of the person.